Department of Botany in Kalindi College came into existence in 1967 with the introduction of Life Science course in Bachelor of Science (General) stream. B.Sc. Applied Sciences (Environmental Science), a new course was introduced in 1985, to know more about the Environmental issues. In order to broaden the horizon of understandings for Plant Sciences, the College started B.Sc. (Honours) course in Botany in 2013 under FYUP. However, the University reverted back to B.Sc. (Program) semester mode in 2014. B.Sc. (Honours) Botany was introduced in the year 2017. The Department is taking lead in providing better infrastructure as per the need of these budding young Scientists.
Scope and career options
Botany, also called plant science(s) or plant biology, is the science of plant life and a branch of Biology. A botanist is a scientist who specializes in this field of study.
“Botany, the study of plant life, an integral part of Biology, aims to understand the behaviour, structure and evolution of plants, using a wide range of approaches, from genes, to molecular and cellular biology, through physiological processes and anatomy, to whole plants, populations and their ecology”
Botany as a subject is related to the study of plants. When planning a career in Botany, the job profile can include study of plants, research, working with industries, teaching, self-employment, and being a part of many more fields. The main aims to pursue a mantra of holistic development of the student, inculcating scientific temper, providing an enriched academic environment that promotes intellectual curiosity leading to the thirst for scientific knowledge, ensuing practical and analytical approach.
As, in the present education system everyone in this world needs a competitive edge. This course helps to prepare students for upper-level courses, and when they receive degree the recognition on their transcript they can make their candidature stand out. Even more than this, this course offers a unique learning experience and emphasizes on the acquisition of knowledge as well as the comprehension of ideas.
As, Botany deals with the study of different processes going on in plants, the course in Botany encourages students to keep abreast of as many developments as possible in Plant Sciences. Studies in Classical Botany which includes plant behaviour, morphology, physiology, embryology, ecology, genetics, systematic etc. provide solutions to agricultural, horticultural and environmental problems, crop improvement, organic farming and natural resource management. By the study of the fundamental details of Plants, students can understand growth and development, reproduction, life cycle, medicinal values and economic importance of food resources. This course being an important component of life sciences offers immense opportunities in other related fields and applied disciplines such as Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, Genomics, Agro-forestry, Environmental Science and Management and many others. Recent advances in Botany deal with the study of different processes going on in biological systems at molecular level have brought miraculous and revolutionary changes in the world of sciences. Some heritable diseases which were considered to be incurable in the past have become curable today by recent techniques. Bacteria and Eukaryotes have become important vehicles in this field.
We live in an environment that contains innumerable micro-organisms, hence, the importance of study of Microbiology which includes infections, immunity, and toxicity of the pathogens cannot be ruled out. Not just this, micro-organisms are used in the production of medicines, organic acids, enzymes, biogas and waste treatment as well as in recycling process. The subject will enhance their knowledge on global environmental issues and make them aware to protect valuable endangered species.
One of the most popular and much needed areas of study is the climatic changes. Knowledge of plant science can be used to solve the environmental challenges with the help of phytoremediation “a green bioengineering technology” which has become increasingly popular over the past 20 years. Phytoremediation describes the treatment of environmental problems (bioremediation) through the use of plants that mitigate the environmental problem without the need to excavate the contaminant material and dispose of it elsewhere. A number of green plants including trees, herbs, grasses and shrubs (both aquatic and terrestrial) have been discovered to be endowed with the wonderful properties of environmental restoration. While studying Botany the students learn all these aspects of plants including its applications. Besides, the students will have greater opportunities open to them in higher studies and research along with better job prospects.
Some of the specializations available for botany are:
Botany is emerging as one of the potential areas for career and research within the country and abroad. Aspirants having B.Sc. degree in Botany can find lot of career opportunities in both public sector and private sector. They can join Botanical Survey of India (BSI), National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) etc. as Project Assistant or Scientific Assistant.Graduates of this subject can opt for post-graduation in Life-Science, Bio-Technology, Biochemistry, Toxicology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Microbiology, etc. Applied Post-Graduate courses in Environmental Sciences, Agro Forestry, and Forensic Science can also be pursued. Botany graduates are qualified for a variety of careers both in biological fields, and also in areas where scientific knowledge is required. These include research in Universities and Government Research Institutions; consultancy in the private sectors, Environmental Protection agencies like National Parks, Reserves, Sanctuaries etc.; Plant Taxonomists in Herbariums and Ethnobotanists in food and pharmaceutical industries. Botany graduates can also find work in the education sector, with museums or other cultural organizations, or move into other jobs such as management, marketing, sales of scientific journalism.After degree in Botany, the students can pursue to various renowned National and International Institutions of repute such as, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Indian Institute of Sciences, University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Indian Institute of Agricultural Research, World Wildlife Fund, National Institute of Immunology, Tata Energy Research Institute and so on for summer training programs and internships. One can be a part of any reputed organization as a Plant Explorer, Conservationist, Ecologist, Environment Consultant, Horticulturist, Plant Biochemist, Nursery Manager, Genetics, Molecular Biologist, Taxonomist, Plant Pathologist, Environmental Consultant and Farming Consultant. Moreover, the application of plant sciences improves the yield and supply of medicines, foods, fibers, building materials and other plant products. The knowledge of plant sciences is essential for the development and management of forests, parks, waste lands, sea wealth, etc. Few of the industries which one can work with are: